Okay, folks. We’re past the midway point in the Uranus/Pluto saga (7 exact squares between 2012 and 2015. We’ve just sailed over the hump of the glorious Uranus/Pluto helio square with a signed deal with Iran. If that doesn’t give us confidence — that long, hard, patient, determined, largely invisible and detailed (Mercury in Virgo) work (Saturn in Scorpio) with one’s “adversary” doesn’t yield breakthroughs (Uranus/Pluto), what will?
Time to reframe everything, and to bring into material form the as yet unseen. For example, here are two cool maps of the U.S. One shows a future high-speed rail network:
The other, a map of U.S. watersheds, and why it matters:
“Sorting states by watersheds would force the individual states to make their own decisions balancing water usage, rather than fighting among themselves. And those states would be able to use water within their own boundaries, rather than shipping water tens, even hundreds of miles away.”
November 19, 2013
by Reid Wilson
John Wesley Powell saw this coming. The 19th century geologist and explorer, who navigated the Colorado River in 1869 and 1872, realized that the limited water in the arid West would eventually lead to conflict between the states. Therefore, he suggested the boundaries of Western states be determined by watersheds — the topographical basins that funnel surface water to a single exit point.
Why use watersheds to draw boundaries, instead of the sometimes-arbitrary, sometimes-geographical boundaries for states? Water usage, especially along the Colorado River, is the subject of innumerable state vs. state lawsuits, strict rationing and increasing conflict between urban areas and agricultural industries. Sorting states by watersheds would force the individual states to make their own decisions balancing water usage, rather than fighting among themselves. And those states would be able to use water within their own boundaries, rather than shipping water tens, even hundreds of miles away.
John Lavey thought that was a pretty good idea. So Lavey, a land use planner at the Sonoran Institute in Bozeman, Mont., set about to recreate Powell’s vision — but this time, instead of stopping in the West, he crossed the Rocky Mountains. Sticking with a maximum of 50 states, here are the boundaries Lavey drew, dictated by North American watersheds:
Source: Community Builders blog
Some major differences with our map today: Missoula would fall in Idaho, not Montana. Las Vegas has water patterns in common with Utah and Arizona, but not Reno and Tahoe. Denver fits better with most of Kansas than with Colorado communities west of the Rockies. Almost all of Ohio, aside from the Great Lakes region, has water interests in common with Kentucky and West Virginia. And New York City gets lumped in with northern New Jersey, thanks to the mighty Hudson River.
Lavey says drawing these borders would have a few positive consequences. Transportation hubs tend to be in low spots in watersheds — we build our roads to “follow rivers, not ridges,” Lavey writes. “In their present day configuration, state transportation departments sometimes have to maintain roads that they access through adjoining states, or form maintenance agreements with other states to maintain their roads for them,” he writes.
And each watershed’s ecosystem is unique. If a state’s boundaries follow the watershed, they would be able to streamline land and wildlife management.
We doubt states will be redrawing their maps any time soon, but it’s an interesting thought experiment: Plenty of state borders are formed by seemingly arbitrary state lines. What if we had let geography and terrain define our boundaries?
Here’s another version of Lavey’s new United States:
Source: Community Builders blog. Click for larger image.