Eugene Debs: Convicted under the “Espionage Act” for speaking truth, ran for president in prison and received nearly one million votes

Question: Where are our heroes when we need them? Answer: Inside each of us. Look there. Look closely. Feel the rhythm of your heart, for it connects you to all other beings, and its courage (its coeur-age) is legendary.

“No War By Any Nation in Any Age Has Ever Been Declared By the People”

October 26, 2012

By (about the author)



Socialist Party leader Eugene V. Debs spoke out against World War I, and all wars, in a speech on June 16, 1918 in Canton, Ohio. Because of this speech, Debs was arrested two weeks later, charged with ten counts of sedition, and sentenced to ten years in prison under the Espionage Act of 1917. While in prison, Debs ran for president in 1921 and received nearly one million votes. He served two years, eight months in prison before having his sentence commuted (for health reasons) by President Harding in 1921.

Image: Library of Congress

Here are excerpts from his 1918 Canton speech:

“Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. In the Middle Ages, when the feudal lords who inhabited the castles whose towers may still be seen along the Rhine concluded to enlarge their domains, to increase their power, their prestige and their wealth, they declared war upon one another.

“But they themselves did not go to war any more than the modern feudal lords, the barons of Wall Street, go to war. The feudal barons of the Middle Ages–the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day–declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles”.
“And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose–especially their lives.
“They have always taught and trained you to believe it to be your patriotic duty to go to war and to have yourselves slaughtered at their command. But in all the history of the world, you, the people, have never had a voice in declaring war, and strange as it certainly appears, no war by any nation in any age has ever been declared by the people.
“And here let me emphasize the fact–and it cannot be repeated too often–that the working class that fights all the battles, the working class that makes the supreme sacrifices, the working class that freely sheds its blood and furnishes the corpses, has never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace.
“It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. “Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die.’ That is their motto, and we object on the part of the awakening workers of this nation.”

From his statement to the judge before sentencing:

“Your Honor, years ago I recognized my kinship with all living beings, and I made up my mind that I was not one bit better than the meanest on earth. I said then, and I say now, that while there is a lower class, I am in it, and while there is a criminal element I am of it, and while there is a soul in prison, I am not free.

“I listened to all that was said in this court in support and justification of this prosecution, but my mind remains unchanged. I look upon the Espionage Law as a despotic enactment in flagrant conflict with democratic principles and with the spirit of free institutions”

“Your Honor, I have stated in this court that I am opposed to the social system in which we live; that I believe in a fundamental change–but if possible by peaceable and orderly means”

P.S. The Espionage Act of 1917, though amended over the years, is still in effect. Prior to the time President Obama took office, It had been used three times for cases involving government officials providing classified information to the media. It has been used at least six times during the Obama’s time in office, including against Bradley Manning. According to David Carr of the New York Times , “the majority of the recent prosecutions seem to have everything to do with administrative secrecy and very little to do with national security.”

Actor Mark Ruffalo reads Debs’s Canton speech :

Arlen is a writer/blogger living in Monterey, CA. His political blog is He writes a weekly quotation quiz “What’s Your QQ?” (Quotation Quotient) for the Monterey County Herald, as well as a website and (more…)
This entry was posted in 2012, culture of secrecy, dark doo-doo, elder wisdom, local action, Reality Ramp-Up, unity consciousness, Uranus square Pluto, waking up, wild new ideas, zone zero zero. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Eugene Debs: Convicted under the “Espionage Act” for speaking truth, ran for president in prison and received nearly one million votes

  1. Mike Lamb says:

    Gene Debs a century ago was sent to prison for giving a speech imploring American citizens to demand the 13th Amendment against slavery be upheld to oppose the draft.

    Did anyone subject to the draft act on hearing Deb’s words act to oppose the draft?

    January 6, 2021 President Donald Trump spoke to a crowd of supporters telling them to march to the Capitol, where both Houses in Congress were sitting to certify the 2020 Presidential election.
    President Trump told his Trump Taliban: “Now it is up to Congress to confront this egregious assault on our democracy. After this, we’re going to walk down and I’ll be there with you. We’re going to walk down. We’re going to walk down any one you want, but I think right here. We’re going walk down to the Capitol, and we’re going to cheer on our brave senators, and congressmen and women. We’re probably not going to be cheering so much for some of them because you’ll never take back our country with weakness. You have to show strength, and you have to be strong.”

    But after promising the Trump Taliban “I’ll be there with you,” instead President Trump went to his “emperor’s box” and watched events transpire on television.

    On seeing the riot at the Capitol go on threatening the lives of the members of Congress and the Capitol police protecting them, President Trump did not use his authority as Commander-in-Chief to order the Pentagon chiefs to send troops to restore order and protect the lives of the Congresspersons at the Capitol.

    President Trump did not “falsely yell fire in a crowded theatre” with the potential of people there being hurt, President Trump sent off a mob to invade the Capitol to overthrow the results of the 2020 Presidential Election.

    President Trump not only should be impeached for his actions, and inactions, he should be sent to prison.

    • Ann Kreilkamp says:

      As I recall,the antifa mob had entered the capital before the rest of the crowd, who had been listening to Trump, arrived. Severaal sources said this is why he was late, to hold them back, so that they wouldn’t get there in time to be implicated. As for him being with them, you think Trump, the most targeted individual in the whole world, could just walk there with them? No security? I read his remark as “I will be with you in spirit.”

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