I had never heard of the concept of “biopiracy” until reading this article about India’s creatively aggressive response to Monsanto’s plunder there. The word reminded me of the extraordinary magic of language — how words shape our perceptions, and inspire action based on new understanding that this shaping brings about. How grateful I am whenever I hear a new word that perfectly captures in language something I had been noticing on a subliminal level.
Though new to me, the concept “biopiracy” was first enshrined in the title of a 1997 book, Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge. Here is a review of that book:
“In this intelligently argued and ethically principled book, internationally renowned Third World environmentalist Vandana Shiva exposes the latest frontier of the North’s ongoing assault against the South’s biological and other resources. Since the land, the forests, the oceans, and the atmosphere have already been colonized, eroded, and polluted, she argues, Northern capital is now carving out new colonies to exploit for gain: the interior spaces of the bodies of women, plants, and animals.
“Under agreements such as GATT, she argues, the North claims a need to be “protected” from the South so it can continue its uninterrupted theft of the Third World’s genetic diversity. This theft, Shiva shows, has profoundly disturbing consequences for women, the Third World, and the environment.
“With specific considerations of gene-patenting, genetic engineering, and biotechnology, Biopiracy is essential reading for anyone concerned with technology, imperialism, feminism or the environment.”
Thanks to naturalnews.com.
India files biopiracy lawsuit against Monsanto, says biotech giant is stealing nature for corporate gain
September 28, 2011
by Jonathan Benson, staff writer
Representing one of the most agriculturally bio-diverse nations in the world, India has become a primary target for biotechnology companies like Monsanto and Cargill to spread their genetically-modified (GM) crops into new markets. However, a recent France 24 report explains that the Indian government has decided to take an offensive approach against this attempted agricultural takeover by suing Monsanto for “biopiracy,” accusing the company of stealing India’s indigenous plants in order to re-engineer them into patented varieties.
Brinjal, also known in Western nations as eggplant, is a native Indian crop for which there are roughly 2,500 different unique varieties. Millions of Indian farmers grow brinjal, which is used in a variety of Indian food dishes, and the country grows more than a quarter of the world’s overall supply of the vegetable.
And in an attempt to capitalize on this popular crop, Monsanto has repeatedly tried to commercially market its own GM variety of brinjal called Bt brinjal. But massive public outcry against planned commercial approval of Monsanto’s “frankencrop” variety in 2010 led to the government banning it for an indefinite period of time.
But Monsanto is still stealing native crops, including brinjal, and quietly working on GM varieties of them in test fields, which is a clear violation of India’s Biological Diversity Act (BDA). So at the prompting of various farmers and activists in India, the Indian government, representing the first time in history a nation that has taken such action, has decided to sue Monsanto.
“This can send a different message to the big companies for violating the laws of the nation,” said K.S. Sugara, Member Secretary of the Karnataka Biodiversity Board, to France 24 concerning the lawsuit. “It is not acceptable … that the farmers in our communities are robbed of the advantage they should get from the indigenous varieties.”
You can watch the full France 24 video report of India’s lawsuit against Monsanto here:
Farmers and active members of the public in India have been some of the world’s most outspoken opponents of Monsanto’s attempted GM takeover of agriculture. Besides successfully overturning the attempted approval of Bt brinjal, these freedom fighters have also successfully destroyed several attempted Monsanto GM test fields.